EMPLOYMENT  is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract, one being the employer and the other being the employee. An employee contributes labor and/or expertise to an endeavor of an employer and is usually hired to perform specific duties which are packaged into a job. An Employee is a person who is hired to provide services to a company on a regular basis in exchange for compensation and who does not provide these services as part of an independent business. The main ways for employers to find workers and for people to find employers are via jobs listings in newspapers (via classified advertising ) and online, also called job boards Employers and job seekers also often find each other via professional recruitment consultants which receive a commission from the employer to find, screen and select suitable candidates. However, a study has shown that such consultants may not be reliable when they fail to use established principles in selecting employees. A more traditional approach is with a “Help Wanted” sign in the establishment (usually hung on a window or door or placed on a store counter). Assessing different employees can be quite laborious but setting up different techniques to analyze their skill to measure their talents within the field can be best through Assessments. Employer and potential employee commonly take the additional step of getting to know each other through the process of job interview. Employee benefits are various non-wage compensation provided to employee in addition to their wages or salaries. The benefits can include: housing (employer-provided or employer-paid), group insurance (health, dental, life etc.), disability income protection, retirement benefits, daycare, tuition reimbursement, sick leave, vacation (paid and non-paid), social security, profit sharing, funding of education, and other specialized benefits. Employee benefits improves the relationship between employee and employer and lowers staff turnover. Usually, either an employee or employer may end the relationship at any time. This is referred to as at-will employment. The contract between the two parties specifies the responsibilities of each when ending the relationship and may include requirements such as notice periods, severance pay, and security measures.

SKILL is the learned ability to carry out a task with pre-determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both. In other words the abilities that one possesses. Skills can often be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills. For example, in the domain of work, some general skills would include time management, teamwork and leadership, self motivation and others, whereas domain-specific skills would be useful only for a certain job. Skill usually requires certain environmental stimuli and situations to assess the level of skill being shown and used.

Labor skills

Main article: Skill (labor)

Skilled workers have long had historical import (see division of labor) as masons, carpenters, blacksmith, bakers, brewers, coopers, printers and other occupations that are economically productive. Skilled workers were often politically active through their craft gruilds.

Life skills

Main article: Life skills

Life skills are problem solving behaviors used appropriately and responsibly in the management of personal affairs. They are a set of human skills acquired via learning (teaching) or direct experience that are used to handle problems and questions commonly encountered in daily human life. The subject varies greatly depending on societal norms and community expectations.

People skills

Main article: People skills

According to the Portland Business Journals, people skills are described as:

  • understanding ourselves and moderating our responses
  • talking effectively and empathizing accurately
  • building relationships of trust, respect and productive interactions.

A British definition is “the ability to communicate effectively with people in a friendly way, especially in business.” The term is not listed yet in major US dictionaries.

The term people skills is used to include both psychological skills and social skills, but is less inclusive than life skills.

Social skills

Main article: Social skills

Social skill is any skill facilitating interaction and communication with others. Social rules and relations are created, communicated, and changed in verbal and nonverbal ways. The process of learning such skills is called socialization.

Soft skills

Main article: Soft skills

Soft skills is a sociological term relating to a person’s “EQ” (Emotional Intelligence Quotient), the cluster of personality traits, social graces, communication, language, personal habits, friendliness, and optimism that characterize relationships with other people. Soft skills complement hard skills (part of a person’s IQ), which are the occupational requirements of a job and many other activities.

Hard skills

Hard skills are any skills relating to a specific task or situation. These skills are easily quantifiable unlike Soft skills which are related to one’s personality.

Mastering skills

Mastery pertains to perfecting a particular skill set. To reach mastery, authors Malcolm Glad-well and Robert Greene claim that 10,000 hours of work will have to be put into training.

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